Essays on health, retirement and locus of control / Tran Binh Dai.Material type: TextPublisher: 2018Description: viii, 100 pagesContent type: text | text Media type: unmediated | unmediated Carrier type: volume | online resourceSubject(s): Retirement | Health behavior | HealthDDC classification: 305.26 Online resources: เอกสารฉบับเต็ม (Fulltext) Dissertation note: Dissertation (Ph.D. (Philosophy in Economics)) -- University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce, 2018. Summary:
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Dissertation (Ph.D. (Philosophy in Economics)) -- University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce, 2018.
Chapter 2 examines the direct effects of retirement on health, as well as its indirect effects, through a mediation analysis. Using Australian panel data, analysis reveals that changes in both retirement status and retirement duration imply positive causal effects on self-assessed health as well as on physical and mental health. Gender plays an important role in shaping these relationships. For women, the positive relationship between retirement duration and health can be attributed to physical activity. In contrast, men appear to enjoy better health when staying retired for longer because they participate more in outdoor activities. Overall, these findings provide some of the first empirical evidence on the pathways through which retirement affects health in Australia.
Chapter 3 examines the effects of locus of control on health and healthcare utilization. It also conducts a mediation analysis and tests whether the indirect effects of locus of control can be explained by lifestyle choices and social capital. Analysis reveals that those with an internal locus of control are more likely to have better self-assessed health, physical and mental health. They are less likely to suffer from a long-term health condition and to require healthcare. We also find that locus of control predicts health through different pathways, including social capital and health behaviors such as smoking, drinking and physical activity. Similar pathways can explain the link between locus of control and healthcare utilization. Policy interventions aiming to improve people's health need to consider not only the direct but also the indirect effects of locus of control.